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  • Three small, young deer lie in tall grass next to a high fence and look toward the camera

    There is a lot of discussion going on about the ethics of high fencing of deer ranges.  Many traditional ranchers view the phenomena of high fencing as blights on the land as large ranches get broken up into smaller acreage.  And from a purely …

  • Two deer walk under a feeder.

    Many of you that are serious about the wildlife part of your operation are looking for ways to improve the quality of your deer.  Quality is generally defined as larger body size and increased antler scores.  For any particular age group, these …

  • Two young deer stand next to a high fence and look toward the camera.

    Feeding deer is becoming a very popular function for many landowners whether for the pleasure of seeing the deer come to a feeder, or to improve their productivity in fawn production or antler growth.  Knowing that deer need supplemental protein in …

  • A large buck in a wooded area turns toward the camera.

    The principle of limiting factors is that performance will be constrained by the required factor that is present in the least amount.  One good analogy is a old wooden barrel with staves of different height.  The barrel can hold only as much water …

  • A dark brown doe walks through bright green foliage

    As fawning is coming to a close, it’s a good time to begin thinking about the population control measures you need to consider this year.  I’m sure that many of you will say, “I hunt – that’s my population control.”  And you’re right.

    However, when …

  • Two young bucks eat off the ground beneath a feeder while a larger buck looks to the camera.

    Whether deer need mineral supplements or not depends on what you want the deer to do.  If you are just looking for maintenance of the deer population, then they may not need mineral supplements.  However, if you are looking for improved performance, …

  • A very large buck walks through tall grass in autumn.

    With the approach of hunting season, many hunters, and deer managers, will change their feeding program from free-choice feeding of protein pellets to timed release of deer corn in order to begin to pattern the deer to make hunting easier.  For most …

  • A black cow and a white cow with an orange ear tag look toward the camera.

    One of the more overlooked minerals in ruminant nutrition is sulfur.  A key ingredient in formation of some amino acids, formation of collagen, hormones, vitamins, and oxygen carriers, sulfur makes up around 0.25% of an animal’s bodyweight. 

    As …

  • A small herd of cows walks through tall grass.

    Livestock consumption of mineral supplements is one of the most confusing aspects of ruminant nutrition.  Many producers think that their animals don’t need minerals because they don’t eat it when they put it out.  However, forage data shows that …