Nutrition - USA - Ruminant

  • A graphic shows the pathway to profit in range management including Grazing Behavior, Plant ID and Nutrition

    In this three-part video series, Hi-Pro Feeds Range Nutritionist Kent Mills outlines the three essential pillars for managing your cattle operation. Knowledge of grazing behavior, plant identification, and the nutritional requirements of your cattle …

  • A black cow grazes.

    In this three-part video series, Hi-Pro Feeds Range Nutritionist Kent Mills outlines the three essential pillars for managing your cattle operation. In this video, he discusses grazing behaviors of beef cattle, and how, by observing how and where …

  • Tall West Texas grasses.

    In this three-part video series, Hi-Pro Feeds Range Nutritionist Kent Mills outlines the three essential pillars for managing your cattle operation. In this video, he discusses the importance of being able to identify the plants your cattle most …

  • A cowboy silhouette at dawn with a crescent moon overhead.

    Hi-Pro Feeds Range Nutritionist Kent Mills outlines the three essential pillars for managing your cattle operation. In this video, he describes the nutritional requirements of cattle throughout the year, and techniques for monitoring how well those …

  • Small herd of black angus cattle stand in grass and look toward the camera.

    One of the hardest ideas to get across to people about ruminant nutrition is that ruminants need roughage in their diet.  People understand better the need for protein, energy, minerals as such in the diet, but they think that an ingredient …

  • Two Black Angus cattle walk through water and drink.

    One question that I get from cattle producers this time of the year is, “How good is this grass we have this year?”  Especially in a year as dry and hot as this one has been, that’s a legitimate question.

    However, at least with cattle, your animals …

  • Two brown cows sit in tall grass

    The first in an ongoing series we’re offering on important minerals for your livestock.  This week, Calcium!

    Calcium is one of the most abundant minerals in the feeds that livestock normally consume.  Because of this, it is one of the hardest …

  • A group of multi-colored calves gather around the camera.

    Have you ever asked yourself whether or not your livestock are all getting the feed you put out for them?  Whether you feed on the ground in native pastures, or in troughs in pens, how confident are you that all of your animals are getting their …

  • A sheep grazes in the foreground while cattle gather in the background, all grazing the same pasture.

    All of you know that trying to get livestock to do what you want them to do can be very frustrating.  This is never more apparent that when you are trying to get your animals to graze parts a pasture they don’t normally use.  However, there are some …

  • A herd of brown cattle cross a road that cuts through green grass with a windmill in the background.

    Summer is almost here. I know it seems strange to talk about supplementation during the summer, but really, summer forage conditions can be used to clarify supplementing livestock better than winter.  I mean, you expect to have to supplement animals …

  • A small herd of white cattle gather near a wood fence.

    Multiple-species grazing has been proven over the years to increase carrying capacity and benefit the range environment, if done correctly. Each type of ruminant we manage, cattle, sheep, goats, and deer all use a unique combination of the different …

  • A small herd of white sheep gather around a feeder.

    Producers often ask me whether they should feed a meal, pellet, block, or textured feed for their livestock.  The answer is that the best form of feed will depend on many factors: the type of livestock, if there is more than one species to eat the …

  • A white cow with a yellow ear tag looks toward the camera.

    We are always happy to answer customer questions at any time.  This week, one of our clients asked:

    "My veterinarian said my sheep have coccidiosis.  What is that and what do I do about it?"

    Coccidiosis is a condition caused by organisms of the …

  • A photo of a rolling plain with green and yellow grass, blue sky and clouds.

    For those of you that graze improved pastures, or have reseeded native pastures to grasses that are supposed to improve growth, are you getting the production you think you should?  Maybe your soils are not up to producing the quantity and quality …

  • A man with a hat and a bucket looks on as a small herd eats whole cottonseed off the ground.

    "I enjoyed your article about cottonseed, but what about gossypol and aflatoxin?"

    Good point!  I concentrated on the nutritional aspects of cottonseed and did not cover the potential problems with cottonseed.  Gossypol is always present in …

  • The view inside the top of a bag full of whole cottonseed.

    Every year at least one person asks me whether or not whole cottonseed can be fed to their livestock.  And after all of these years, I am still surprised at the question.

    Upland cottonseed is one of the best supplements, from a nutritional …

  • A block of salt sits on a black background.

    Probably the most overlooked, but most frequently used mineral for our livestock is salt, chemically known an sodium chloride.  Everyone knows that livestock need salt, but how much do they need, and how do you use this requirement to your advantage? …

  • A white goat with floppy ears appears to smile at the camera.

    Potassium is probably the Rodney Dangerfield of the minerals in ruminant nutrition.  It doesn’t get any respect, or attention.  However, it is an extremely important nutrient that is involved in maintaining the acid-base relationship in the body, …

  • A small brown and white goat looks toward the camera.

    When you look at nutrition as a whole, it is really hard to say that one nutrient is more important than others.  Without energy, the body and the microorganisms would not have the fuel to function.  Without minerals, the chemical reactions that …

  • Water droplets sit on green blades of grass.

    I use the term “effective rainfall” because not all of the moisture that hits the ground is usable to the plants.  Much of the rainfall that you get each year never finds its way into the soil to be used by the plants.  And much that does reach the …